So downloading the 2g+ of Oracle's installer is a PITA if you wish to download directly to the server, and you work remotely. They REALLY make it difficult to download with anything other than a web browser. I have heard there are ways to get this to work with wget, but if there is a Linux desktop on the network where you wish to deliver the download, I think VNC is easier. This got me start nicely, and this is what just worked for me:
On the desktop you wish to connect to, install x11vnc / xvfb / xterm, then start up a VNC server as follows:
x11vnc -forever -rfbport 5900 -create -ncache 10
Note that I am using "-create" because there is no current user session on the machine, and I am not physically present to login, so this way VNC will create a Xvfb (framebuffer) X session for me. Also note that I have not set a password on this VNC server, as the machine is not on a public network and I am connecting over a VPN.
Then on the client (your desktop) side, run the vinagre client in VNC mode, and connect to the IP:port of the VNC server. Works like a charm.